The American Psychological Association publishes a journal called Psychology of Men & Masculinities. In the October 2019 edition, there was an interesting article that discussed how men might tend to experience depression differently than women.
Men might not recognize that they are depressed. Men are most likely to report symptoms like being tired, irritable, or of losing interest in work or hobbies, and not sleeping well. There might be some social pressure for men to hide their symptoms of depression and they might instead express it as anger, being more aggressive, taking more risks. They might also try to avoid dealing with it by diving into their work or taking space and being more independent.
It's also common to be unwilling or unable to expression emotions. Men may or may not experience typical symptoms of depression such as sadness, guilt, and or feelings of worthlessness. There is some evidence to suggest that many men might associate some of the symptoms of depression with weakness or think of them as feminine. It is important to work through this and men need to know that lots of men experience these symptoms.
While the causes of depression are unknown, a predisposition for it runs in families and it can be triggered by trauma and adverse life circumstances.
The rates of depression are higher for both men and women in late fall. Depressed people are also at increased risk for self-harm.
Diagnosing depression involves a psychiatric evaluation and physical tests to determine whether a person’s symptoms might be caused by a different health issue. A person must have been experiencing symptoms for at least two weeks to be diagnosed with depression. Diagnosis must be made by an appropriate professional, such as a Medical Doctor, Psychiatrist, or Psychologist. Every case is unique and requires individual attention, but there are a number of effective complementary ways of treating depression, including:
- Talk therapy
- Adopting a healthier lifestyle
I will refer you, as appropriate, to health care providers for diagnosis and treatment.